Patients with pSS display a wide range of symptoms and low secretion of saliva, which, in particular, contributes to increased risk of dental caries and oral infections. Moreover, digestive manifestations with dysphagia and dysmotility of the pharynx are common, and both the pancreas and the liver may be affected. There is also a higher risk of gastroesophageal reflux disease among pSS-patients compared with the general population.All these symptoms could affect food intake among patients. Norwegian study was undertaken as there was limited knowledge about dietary intake and body composition among patients with primary Sjögren’s syndrome (pSS).
We therefore examined the dietary intake among a well-characterized cohort of Norwegian female pSS-patients and compared it with the dietary intake of a national reference group and with the Nordic dietary recommendations. In addition, we studied associations between dietary intake/body composition and oral health among the patients.They did the study with 20 female patients and a reference group of Nordic female participants matching the pSS-patients in age.
To assess their dietary intake, each patient was interviewed on three separate days and asked to recall their food intake in the past 24 hours.
Many tools were used to access oral health and related quality of life including questionnaires, salivary secretion, smell and taste testing.